Source: 恒星英语学习网  Onion  2010-07-02  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  
  Riders like Yu Dejiang were caught in the legal crossfire. Mr Yu, a 30-year-old air-conditioner repairman in Wenzhou, splurged this summer and spent half a month's salary on a new electric scooter to replace a secondhand one that got stolen. Two weeks later, police dusted off old regulations on the books, confiscated his bike and fined him 700 yuan-about $100.


  'The e-bike is a necessity for my work. The fastest and cheapest traffic vehicle I can afford. It's the same for most riders here. I can finish my work on the bike. There are no buses in many places and I can't afford to buy a car. What do you expect me to do?' said Mr. Yu. A few weeks later, he was back on the streets with another electric bike, looking over his shoulder in case city authorities crack down again.


  But there's another problem. E-bikes may not be so clean after all. Because 95% of China's e-bikes use lead batteries, they emit more lead into the atmosphere than other forms of transportation, according to some studies. They also rely on electricity that's mostly made by coal-burning power plants.


  Then suddenly, in December, the central government dropped a bombshell: tough new nationwide restrictions. There was heated debate. Sales at Luyuan Group, one of China's biggest e-bike makers, dropped 50% in December from November.

  中央政府去年12月突然丢下一枚重磅炸弹:对电动自行车采取了新的全国性严厉限制措施。此举在社会上引发了激烈争论。中国最大电动自行车生产商之一绿源集团(Luyuan Group)去年12月份的电动自行车销量比前月下降了50%。

  'Officials are getting the statistics wrong, they're not looking at them scientifically,' said Ni Jie, Luyuan's founder. A former economics professor and electrical engineer, Mr. Ni has given his wife the company reins so he can focus more on industry lobbying. He argues electric bicycles are safer than bicycles or motorcycles and will soon start using cleaner, lithium batteries.


  After intense public outcry in the media, the government backed down just weeks later. 'In essence, a lack of respect for public opinion and for the reasonable and scientific decision-making process was to blame,' for the government's behavior, said an opinion piece in China Daily, the state-backed English language newspaper.

  在媒体密集报导公众对政府这一决定的不同意见后,政府放弃了出台仅几周的这项决定。官方英文报纸《中国日报》(China Daily)的一则评论说,事实上,缺乏对公众意见以及合理、科学决策程序的尊重是政府出台这一政策的问题所在。

  Now, the industry associations are trying to figure out new guidelines before the central government steps back in. In the meantime, people are back in the shops.


  He Chenyan, a 23-year-old telecommunications engineer, offered this advice as he tested out different electric bikes in Hangzhou. 'These limits don't matter,' he said. 'The traffic police won't bother with us. They'll focus on real motor vehicles like cars and motorcycles.'


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