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SAT阅读素材 unsolved math problems

Source: 互联网    2012-04-30  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  

  提高SAT阅读水平的一个必用的方法就是经常找一些SAT阅读素材进行练习,培养语感和阅读速度,不懂的词汇要养成根据上下文的意思进行猜词的习惯,之后再查词典,而不是一开始就查。读的时候不要一个单词一个单词的读,而是按意群来阅读,这样才有助于你SAT阅读水平的提高。

  There are many unsolved problems in mathematics. Some prominent outstanding unsolved problems (as well as some which are not necessarily so well known) include

  1. The Goldbach conjecture.

  2. The Riemann hypothesis.

  3. The conjecture that there exists a Hadamard matrix for every positive multiple of 4.

  4. The twin prime conjecture (i.e., the conjecture that there are an infinite number of twin primes).

  5. Determination of whether NP-problems are actually P-problems.

  6. The Collatz problem.

  7. Proof that the 196-algorithm does not terminate when applied to the number 196.

  8. Proof that 10 is a solitary number.

  9. Finding a formula for the probability that two elements chosen at random generate the symmetric group .

  10. Solving the happy end problem for arbitrary .

  11. Finding an Euler brick whose space diagonal is also an integer.

  12. Proving which numbers can be represented as a sum of three or four (positive or negative) cubic numbers.

  13. Lehmer's Mahler measure problem and Lehmer's totient problem on the existence of composite numbers such that , where is the totient function.

  14. Determining if the Euler-Mascheroni constant is irrational.

  15. Deriving an analytic form for the square site percolation threshold.

  16. Determining if any odd perfect numbers exist.

  The Clay Mathematics Institute (http://www.claymath.org/millennium/) of Cambridge, Massachusetts (CMI) has named seven "Millennium Prize Problems," selected by focusing on important classic questions in mathematics that have resisted solution over the years. A $7 million prize fund has been established for the solution to these problems, with $1 million allocated to each. The problems consist of the Riemann hypothesis, Poincaré conjecture, Hodge conjecture, Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture, solution of the Navier-Stokes equations, formulation of Yang-Mills theory, and determination of whether NP-problems are actually P-problems.

  In 1900, David Hilbert proposed a list of 23 outstanding problems in mathematics (Hilbert's problems), a number of which have now been solved, but some of which remain open. In 1912, Landau proposed four simply stated problems, now known as Landau's problems, which continue to defy attack even today. One hundred years after Hilbert, Smale (2000) proposed a list of 18 outstanding problems.

  K. S. Brown, D. Eppstein, S. Finch, and C. Kimberling maintain webpages of unsolved problems in mathematics. Classic texts on unsolved problems in various areas of mathematics are Croft et al. (1991), in geometry, and Guy (2004), in number theory

  SAT阅读素材读完以后要第一个工作就是查词典解决生词,第二个工作就是归纳一下文章的中心,要明白作者写这篇文章的目的,接下来就是要理解每一段的大意,最好能够将这篇SAT阅读文章复述下来。


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