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形近"双胞胎"词汇辨析

Source: 恒星英语学习网  Onion  2010-01-28  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  
Anyone VS Any one
The indefinite pronoun "anyone" refers to people but not to particular individuals. "Any one" is an adjective phrase that refers to specific but unidentified things or individuals. (A similar distinction applies to anybody and any body, nobody and no body.)
不定冠词anyone指人,但不指代具体的某个人。Any one是一个形容词词组,指代特定但不确定的事物或人。(同样规律也存在于anybody和any body;nobody与no body之间)

Examples:
The enemy is anyone who's going to get you killed, no matter which side he's on. Any one of your buddies, if he's careless enough, could turn out to be your enemy.
任何要杀死你的人都是你的敌人。任何粗心的朋友都可能成为你的敌人。

All together VS Altogether
The phrase all together refers to people or things gathered in one place. The adverb altogether means "entirely" or "wholly."
All together指聚集在一起的人或事物。 Altogether是副词,意为“完全地”。

Examples:
When 50 Elvis impersonators appeared all together at Windsor Palace, the queen observed that this was "altogether inappropriate."
当五十个猫王的模仿者齐聚温莎王宫,女王称之为“完全不适当”的举动。

Ambiguous VS Ambivalent
Ambiguous means doubtful or unclear, open to more than one interpretation. Ambivalent means holding opposing attitudes or feelings toward a person, object, or idea.
Ambiguous 意为有怀疑,不清楚,有多种解释的可能。Ambivalent意为对同一个人、一样事物或一个概念同时具有相反的态度或感情。

Examples:
Stuff that's hidden and murky and ambiguous is scary because you don't know what it does.
潜藏着的、黑暗并模糊不清的东西让人害怕,因为你不知道那是什么。
Americans have always had an ambivalent attitude toward intelligence. When they feel threatened, they want a lot of it, and when they don't, they regard the whole thing as somewhat immoral.
美国人对情报工作有种爱恨交织态度。当他们觉得受到威胁,他们希望情报越多越好;当他们解除这种威胁感时,又认为搜集情报是不道德的行为。

Continuous VS Continual
Continual means "frequently repeated" (that is, going on with occasional interruptions). Continuous means "unceasing" (going on without interruption).
Continual意为“频繁重复”(一直延续,只有偶尔间断); Continuous 意为“从不中断的”。

Examples:
Merdine grew accustomed to the continuous hum of the power line. It was far less annoying than Gus's continual requests for money.
Merdine开始习惯了输电线的永不停止的嗡嗡声。这比Gus时不时就来要钱好多了

Dazed VS Dazzled
Dazed usually means shocked or stunned (as with a heavy object). Dazzled means blinded with intense light or amazed by a spectacular display or performance.
Dazed通常表示震惊或晕眩(比如被重物击打后);Dazzled意为因强光而眼花或被精彩的展览或演出震慑到。

Examples:
Here I am in my first command--a bit dazed but feeling very grand.
今天是我第一次发号施令——有些晕眩,但感觉很好。
In "A Scandal in Bohemia," Sherlock Holmes is dazzled by the only woman who succeeded in outfoxing him.
在《波希米亚丑闻》中,福尔摩斯折服于一个第一次智胜自己的女人。

Distinct VS Distictive
The adjective distinct means clearly defined and readily distinguishable from all others. Distinct also means notable or highly probable. Distinctive means set off by appearances or characteristic of a particular person, place, or thing.
形容词distinct意为清楚明确阐明的、能与其他事物区分开的,也表示醒目的,可能性很高的;Distinctive表示因外表和特色而与众不同的。

Examples:
The human species, according to the best theory I can form of it, is composed of two distinct races, the men who borrow and the men who lend.
人类,根据我能因此塑造的最佳理论,由两个截然不同的种族组成,借入东西的人和借出东西的人。
A man has his distinctive personal scent which his wife, his children and his dog can recognize. A crowd has a generalized stink. The public is odorless.
一个人身上有自己的妻子、孩子和狗能够辨认的独特味道。一群人有一种普遍的气味。公众则无臭无味。

Young VS Youthful
Although these two adjectives have similar meanings, young tends to be a neutral statement of fact (in an early stage of life) while youthful often suggests the positive qualities of youth (such as good health, freshness, and vitality) and almost always refers to people, not things.
虽然这两个词意义相同,但young以更加中性的口吻陈述事实(处于生命的早期);youthful强调的则是青春的一些美好特性(健康、纯真、活力),而且用来指人,不指物。

Examples:
It is time for parents to teach young people early on that in diversity there is beauty and there is strength.
这个年代的父母该早点告诉年轻人,多样化是具有美和力量的。
He was once young but never youthful. Something--a quality of youthful zest or spontaneity--was left out of his makeup.
他也曾经年轻过,但从未有过青春。一些东西——青春的激情和主动性——从他的躯壳中被抹去了。
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