CLOZE [15 MIN.]
CLOZE [15 MIN.]
Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on your answer sheet.
All Americans are at least vaguely 31 with the plight of the American Indian. Cutbacks in federal programs for Indians have made their problems 32 more severe in recent years. Josephy reports， “ 33 1981 it was estimated that cutbacks in federal programs for Indians totaled about $500 million” or more than ten times the cuts affecting their 34 fellow Americans. Additional cuts seem to be threatened in the future. This reduced funding is affecting almost all 35 of reservation life， 36 education. If the Indians could 37 their 38 problems， solutions to many of their other problems might not be far behind. In this paper the current status of Indian education will be described and 39 and some ways of improving this education will be proposed.
Whether to 40 with the dominant American culture or to 41 Indian culture has been a longstanding issue in Indian education. After the Civil War full responsibility for Indian education was turned over by the government to churches and missionary groups. The next fifty years became a period of 42 assimilation in all areas of Indian culture， but especially in religion and education.
John Collier， a reformer who agitated 43 Indians and their culture 44 the early 1920s until his death in 1968， had a different idea. He believed that instead of effacing native culture， Indian schools should encourage and 45 it.
Pressure to assimilate remains a potent force today， 46 . More and more Indians are graduating from high school and college and becoming 47 for jobs in the non-Indian society. “ When Indians obtain the requisite skills， many of them enter the broader American society and succeed. ” 48 approximately 90 percent of all Indian children are educated in state public school systems.How well these children compete with the members of the dominant society， 49 ， is another 50 .
31. A. agreeable B. regardless C. familiar D. sympathetic
32. A. even B. ever C. greatly D. further
33. A. Since B. Up to C. Before D. By the end of
34. A. non-Indian B. Indian C. previous D. former
35. A. respects B. aspects C. kinds D. parts
36. A. except B. regarding C. besides D. including
37. A. solve B. dissolve C. deal D. treat
38. A. cultural B. educational C. social D. severe
39. A. estimated B. evaluated C. settled D. decided
40. A. agree B. push forward C. assimilate D. deal
41. A. preserve B. keep up with C. acknowledge D. confess
42. A. enforced B. overall C. contemptuous D. unbelievable
43. A. in favor of B. on behalf of C. side by side with D. far behind
44. A. in B. through C. from D. during
45. A. realize B. assimilate C. acknowledge D. revitalize
46. A. yet B. furthermore C. however D. just the same
47. A. available B. reachable C. suitable D. eligible
48. A. In the future B. In the past C. At present D. Maybe
49. A. therefore B. consequently C. however D. moreover
50. A. question B. issue C. aspect D. matter