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2011年考研英语模拟预测题

Source: 恒星英语学习网  Onion  2011-01-13  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  

一、完形填空

There is virtually no limit to how one can serve community interests, from spending a few hours a week with some charitable organization to practically full-time work for a social agency. Just as there are opportunities for voluntary service ___1___(VSO)for young people before they take up full-time employment, ___2___ there are opportunities for overseas service for ___3___ technicians in developing countries. Some people, ___4___ those who retire early, ___5___ their technical and business skills in countries ___6___ there is a special need.

So in considering voluntary or ___7___ community service, there are more opportunities than there ___8___ were when one first began work. Most voluntary organizations have only a small full-time ___9___, and depend very much on volunteers and part-timers. This means that working relationships are different from those in commercial organizations,and values may be different. ___10___ some ways they may seem more casual and less efficient, but one should not ___11___ them by commercial criteria. The people who work with them do so for different reasons and with different ___12___, both personal and ___13___. One should not join them ___14___ to arm them with professional experience; they must be joined with commitment to the ___15___, not business efficiency. Because salaries are ___16___ or non-existent many voluntary bodies offer modest expense. But many retired people take part in community service for ___17___, simply because they enjoy the work.

Many community activities possible ___18___ retirement were also possible during one's working life but they are to be undertaken ___19___ seriously for that. Retired people who are just looking for something different or unusual to do should not consider ___20___ community service.

1)A. over the sea   B. over sea   C. over seas   D. overseas

正确答案:D

答案解析:本题考查词汇知识。从此空所在句后半句“……there are opportunities for overseas service……”中的“overseas service”可知,此空应填“overseas”。D overseas可做形容词“外国的,海外的”;也可做副词“在海外”。本句前一个overseas是副词,后一个overseas是形容词。

2)A. as   B. so   C. then   D. that

正确答案:B

答案解析:本句意为:“正如年轻人在参加全职工作前有机会参加海外志愿服务一样,发展中国家的合格技术人员也有机会参加海外服务。”just as……so意为“正如……也。”可见B为正确答案。

3)A. quantity   B. qualifying   C. quality   D. qualified

正确答案:D

答案解析:本题考查词汇知识。根据句意,“合格的技术人员”,此处应选择D. qualified“有资格的,合格的”。

4) A. partially   B. partly   C. particularly   D. passionately

正确答案:C

答案解析:本题考查副词。根据句意,“一些人,尤其是那些退休早的人”,此处表示强调。故C. particularly“特别地,尤其地”为正确答案。

5)A. order   B. operate   C. offer   D. occupy

正确答案:C

答案解析:本题考查词动词的用法。本句意为“一些人,尤其是那些退休早的人,在有特殊需求的国家提供他们的技术和商业技能。”skills“技能”前面只能用offer“提供”。

6)A. before   B. on   C. in   D. at

正确答案:C

答案解析:本题考查介词的用法。根据句意,所选词表示的含义应与后面during one's working life“在工作期间”相对。on retirement表示退休时;in retirement表示退休后。故C为最佳答案。

7)A. much   B. very much   C. no more   D. no less

正确答案:D

答案解析:本题考查固定短语的用法。根据句意“在工作期间的活动也要认真进行”。D no less意为“不少于,多达”,符合句意,是正确答案。

8)A. to be taken   B. to take   C. taking   D. being taken

正确答案:C

答案解析: 本题考查非谓语动词作动词宾语的用法。consider要求其后面动词用ing形式,作宾语。故C为正确答案。

9)A. subjective   B. subject   C. objectives   D. objects

正确答案:C

答案解析:本题考查词汇知识。根据句意,“为了不同的理由和目的”。C objective“目标,目的”符合句意。故C为正确答案。A subjective意为“主观的”;B subject意为“主题”;D objects意为“物件,对象”。

10)A. organization   B. organizational   C. organized   D. organizing

正确答案:B

答案解析:本题考查形容词的用法。根据both……and……结构,此处所选词应与前面personal“个人的”相对应,均为形容词,故B organizational“组织的”为正确答案。

11)A. expecting   B. to expect   C. being expected   D. expected

正确答案:A

答案解析:本题考查动词+ing作宾语补足语的用法。A expecting为宾语补足语,表示伴随状况;B to expect表示谓语的目的。根据句意,A更贴切。因此,A为正确答案。

12)A. course   B. cause   C. case   D. caution

正确答案:B

答案解析:本题考查词汇知识。本句意为“他们必须为这项事业承担义务,而不是为了商业效益。”故B cause“事业,事件”为答案。

13)A. little   B. small   C. large   D. big

正确答案:B

答案解析:本题考查词汇的用法。salary“薪水”应当用大小来修饰。同时根据上下文,义务工作的报酬不可能高。故B small为正确答案。

14)A. free   B. freedom   C. money   D. something

正确答案:A

答案解析:本题考查词汇的固定搭配。for free表示“无偿的”。故A为正确答案。

15)A. which   B. where   C. as   D. that

正确答案:B

答案解析:本题考查关系副词where的用法。countries,表示地点,where用于表示地点的词语之后,意为“在那;该处”,故选择B where.

16)A. paying   B. paid   C. to be paid   D. pay

正确答案:B

答案解析:本题考查过去分词的用法。所选词应该与or前的voluntary对应,因此,B paid“付费的”为正确答案,做定语。

17)A. before   B. lately   C. never   D. ever

正确答案:D

答案解析:此处是一个more than的比较结构,现在和以前做比较。本句意为“所以在考虑义务或付费的社区服务时,现在比一个人刚开始工作时有更多的机会。”D ever“曾经”符合句意,故D为正确答案。

18)A. team   B. number   C. staff   D. crowd

正确答案:C

答案解析:本题考查词汇知识。根据句意,“大多数义务性的组织只有少数全职员工”。C staff“全体职工,全体人员”为最佳答案。

19)A. In   B. By   C. With   D. Through

正确答案:A

答案解析:本题考查介词。in some ways是固定搭配,意为“在某些地方”。故A为正确答案。

20)A. look at   B. comment   C. enjoy   D. judge

正确答案:D

答案解析:本题考查词汇知识。下文by commercial criteria(根据商业准则)提示此处选择D judge“判断,评价”。B comment意为“评论”,不合适。


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