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英语强调句学习要领

Source: 恒星英语学习网    2020-07-09  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  


英语强调句学习要领

 

1. 强调句的基本结构

It+be+被强调成分+that (who)…

He bought the book in this shop yesterday.

→It was he that bought the book in this shop yesterday. (强调主语he)

→It was the book that he bought in this shop yesterday. (强调宾语the book)

→It was in this shop that he bought the book yesterday. (强调地点状语in this shop)

【注】在该强调结构中,it is (was)…that (who)…为结构词,它通常可以省略,而不影响句子的意思。

 

2. 强调句用that还是who

当被强调部分指人时,可以用who代that;当被强调部分指物时通常用that。注意:强调事物时,通常不宜用which来代that,另外当强调时间或地点状语时,通常也不能用when / where代that(尤其是当这些状语为介词短语时)。

 

3. 关于被强调成分

该强调句型中,被强调的成分除了是名词、代词、介词短语等之外, 也可以是从句:

It is when he got back that he knew what had happened. 他回来后才知道所发生的情况。

It was because he loved my money that he married me. 他是因为爱我的钱才同我结了婚。

【注意】

(1) 该句型可强调because引导原因状语从句,但通常不能强调由 since, as引导的原因状语从句,另外也不强调由although引导的让步状语从句。

(2) 该句型可以强调主语,但不强调表语。

 


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