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Fast food nation《快餐帝国》(精讲之三)

Source: 恒星英语学习网  Onion  2008-01-07  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  

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影片对白

Tony: Yeah, the Big One's been great. Really great. Sales keep creepin' up. There's no drop-off.

Don: That's what we're hearin'.

Tony: Yes. I've had this location 12 years.

Don: Yeah?

Tony: And you'd have to go way back-maybe even to the original Teeny-Weenys promotion to see anything like this. You guys hit a home run.

Don: Well, hey, we all did.

Tony: Definitely.

Don: Hey, Tony, have you ever-have you ever been out to the U.M.P. Plant?

Tony: Uh, no, I haven't.

Don: I've been hearin' some mixed things about the place.

Tony: I've heard all sorts of nasty stuff goes on there.

Don: You have? Like what?

Tony: I don't know. Um-I used to have a friend who used to work there and he used to tell me all sorts of things.

Don: Did you know that's where the Big Ones come from?

Tony: This was a long time back. I mean-Look, my friend could have been full of shit.

Don: Yeah, 'cause I was out there. The place is-it's spotless.

Tony: Yeah?

Don: Oh, yeah. It's high-tech, state-of-the-art stuff. Stainless steel everywhere. People wearin' gloves and clean white coats. I mean-

Tony: Well, might be a lot different now.

Don: So, um, the friend - you think I might be able to give him a call?

Tony: I don't know. Well, hesplit a long time ago. I haven't really talked to him.

Don: Well. Right.

Tony: You know, my wife's got an uncle. He can tell you all about that place.

Don: Does he work out there?

Tony: Oh, no, no. He used to sell 'em cattle. But he's a real... character. You know, been on the ranch a little too long.

妙语佳句,活学活用

1. Creep up

这个片语的意思是“Advance slowly or stealthily 缓慢地上升,悄悄地靠近”,常在后面加介词on,例如:Age creeps up on you.

2. Hit a home run

本意是指棒球中的“全垒打”,这里指“to succeed with something大获成功”,例如: We felt our band hit a home run. It was the best performance we ever gave.

3. Full of shit

这个片语也写作full of bull,full of crap,意思是“Talking nonsense or rubbish”,像是汉语里讲的“胡说八道”,我们来看个例子:She doesn't know what she's talking about; she's full of crap.

当然,考虑到shit,crap,bull(bullshit)这些常用的脏词,这个片语也不是什么文明用语了,所以使用的时候还是要小心,一般的场合我们说nonsense 就可以了。

4. Split

Split 在俚语中的意思是“离开,离去”,例如:They split Miami when the hurricane was forecast

文化面面观

认识快餐食品

说到快餐食品,大家肯定会立刻联想到麦当劳的汉堡和薯条。这些食品的制作方式我们已经了解一二。随着近年来对快餐中有害健康物质的反对声越老越高,快餐巨头们多少也做了点改革,只是离健康的标准还实在是相去甚远。

Fast-food outlets are take-away or take-out providers, often with a "drive-thru" service which allows customers to order and pick up food from their cars; but most also have a seating area in which customers can eat the food on the premises.

Nearly from its inception, fast food has been designed to be eaten "on the go" and often does not require traditional cutlery and is eaten as a finger food. Common menu items at fast food outlets include fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, French fries, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, and ice cream, although many fast-food restaurants offer "slower" foods like chili, mashed potatoes, and salads.

Food preparation

The convenience of traditional street food around the world, from Vietnamese noodle vendors to Middle Eastern falafel stands to New York hot dog carts, lies in serving one or two basic ingredients that can be cooked in batches and served quickly on the spot. Modern commercial fast food, by contrast, is often highly processed and prepared in an industrial fashion, i.e., on a large scale with standard ingredients and standardized cooking and production methods. It is usually rapidly served in cartons or bags or in a plastic wrapping, in a fashion which minimizes cost. In most fast food operations, menu items are generally made from processed ingredients prepared at a central supply facility and then shipped to individual outlets where they are reheated, cooked (usually by microwave or deep-frying) or assembled in a short amount of time. This process ensures a consistent level of product quality, and is key to being able to deliver the order quickly to the customer and eliminate labor and equipment costs in the individual stores.

Nutritional value

Because the fast food concept relies on speed, uniformity and low cost, fast food products are often made with ingredients formulated to achieve a certain flavor or consistency and to preserve freshness. Hydrogenated vegetable oils are pumped into fast foods which contain high amounts of trans fat. This requires a high degree of food engineering, the use of additives and processing techniques substantially alter the food from its original form and reduce its nutritional value.

Changes

Fast-food chains have come under fire from consumer groups (such as the Center for Science in the Public Interest, a longtime fast-food critic) over the past decade. Some of the concerns have led to the rise of the Slow Food movement. This movement seeks to preserve local cuisines and ingredients, and directly opposes laws and habits that favor fast-food choices. Among other things, it strives to educate consumers' palates to prefer what it considers richer, more varied, and more nourishing tastes of fresh local ingredients harvested in season.

Some of the large fast-food chains are beginning to incorporate healthier alternatives in their menu, e.g., white meat, snack wraps, salads and fresh fruit. However, some people see these moves as a tokenistic and commercial measure, rather than an appropriate reaction to ethical concerns about the world ecology and people's health. McDonald's has announced that in March of 2006, the chain will include nutritional information on the packaging of all of its products. (answers.com)

考考你

用今日所学将下面的句子译成英语

1. 猫咪悄悄地向那只鸟爬过去。

2. 他终于成功了。

3. 你不知道你在说什么——根本就是胡说八道!

4. 所有较大的孩子都离开去跳舞了。

Fast food nation《快餐帝国》(精讲之二)考考你 参考答案

1. 研究人员说,结果“远远超出标准”。

The findings were described as "pretty much off the charts," according to the researcher.

2. 我担心你的话会损害我们团队的形象。

I’m concerned that your words will destroy our team’s image.


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