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2010年温总理政府工作报告

Source: 恒星英语学习网  Onion  2010-03-15  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  
(三)加大统筹城乡发展力度,强化农业农村发展基础


3. Improving the balance between urban and rural development and strengthening the foundation for the development of agriculture and rural areas


在连续6年增产增收之后,更要毫不松懈地抓好“三农”工作。要按照统筹城乡发展的要求,坚持把解决好"三农"问题作为全部工作的重中之重,进一步强化强农惠农政策,协调推进工业化、城镇化和农业农村现代化,巩固和发展农业农村好形势。


After six consecutive years of increases in grain output and rural incomes, it is vital we sustain our good work in the areas of agriculture, rural areas, and farmers. In accordance with the requirements for balancing urban and rural development, we need to make solving problems faced by agriculture, rural areas, and farmers a top priority in all our work; further strengthen our policies to aid agriculture and benefit farmers; coordinate industrialization, urbanization, and agricultural and rural modernization; and consolidate and build upon the good situation in agriculture and rural areas.


促进农业稳定发展和农民持续增收。稳定粮食生产,扩大油料种植面积,增加重要紧缺农产品供应,大规模开展粮棉油糖高产创建,大规模开展园艺产品生产和畜牧水产养殖标准化创建,保障“米袋子”、“菜篮子”安全。继续实施对种粮农民直接补贴,增加农资综合补贴、良种补贴、农机具购置补贴,中央财政拟安排补贴资金1335亿元,比上年增加60.4亿元。进一步提高粮食最低收购价,早籼稻、中晚籼稻、粳稻每斤分别提高3分、5分和1毛钱,小麦每斤提高3分钱,继续实施重要农产品临时收储政策,让农民得到更多实惠。加强对产粮大县、养猪大县、养牛大县的财政扶持。大力发展农产品加工业,推进农业产业化经营,支持批发市场和农贸市场升级改造,推动生产与市场对接。促进农民就业创业,多渠道增加农民收入。进一步加大扶贫开发力度。我们要坚持不懈地消除贫困落后,让农民群众早日过上富裕安康的生活。


We will promote the steady development of agriculture and a continuous increase in rural incomes. We will keep grain production stable; expand the total area sown with oilseed; increase supplies of important agricultural products in short supply; implement a large-scale effort to increase the production of grain, cotton, oilseed, and sugar; standardize farming practices in horticulture, animal husbandry, and aquaculture; and ensure the security of the "rice bag" (grain supply) and "vegetable basket" (non-staple food supply). We will continue to provide direct subsidies for grain producers, and increase general subsidies for purchasing agricultural supplies and subsidies for purchasing superior crop varieties and agricultural machinery and tools. The central government will allocate 133.5 billion yuan for this purpose, a year-on-year increase of 6.04 billion yuan. We will further raise minimum grain purchase prices. The minimum prices of early indica rice, middle-season and late indica rice and japonica rice will be raised by 0.06 yuan, 0.1 yuan and 0.2 yuan per kilogram respectively, and the minimum price of wheat will be raised by 0.06 yuan per kilogram. We will continue to implement the policy of purchasing and temporarily stockpiling major agricultural products and give farmers more tangible benefits. We will increase fiscal support for major grain-producing, pork-producing, and cattle farming counties. We will vigorously develop the processing industry for agricultural products, promote industrialization in agriculture, support the upgrading and renovation of wholesale markets and markets for farm produce, and promote closer linkage between production and the market. We will help rural residents find jobs or start their own businesses, and increase rural incomes through a variety of channels. We will intensify poverty alleviation and development and work tirelessly to eradicate poverty and backwardness so that rural residents can soon live a prosperous and happy life.


加强农业基础设施建设。坚持财政支出优先支持农业农村发展,预算内固定资产投资优先投向农业基础设施和农村民生工程,土地出让收益优先用于农业土地开发和农村基础设施建设。中央财政拟安排"三农"投入8183亿元,比上年增加930亿元,地方各级财政也要增加投入。以主产区为重点,全面实施全国新增千亿斤粮食生产能力建设规划。以农田水利为重点,加强农业基础设施建设,加快大中型灌区的配套改造,扩大节水灌溉面积,建设高标准农田,完成大中型和重点小型病险水库除险加固任务。以良种培育为重点,加快农业科技创新和推广,实施好转基因生物新品种培育科技重大专项。积极推进现代农业示范区建设。加快建设乡镇和区域性农技推广、动植物疫病防控、农产品质量监管等公共服务机构。


We will strengthen agricultural infrastructure. We will continue to give high priority in government spending to supporting agricultural and rural development. In the budget, our priority for fixed asset investment will be agricultural infrastructure and projects that improve the wellbeing of rural residents, and our priority for use of proceeds from the transfer of land-use rights will be developing agricultural land and building rural infrastructure. The central government plans to allocate 818.3 billion yuan for agriculture, farmers, and rural areas, an increase of 93 billion yuan over last year, and local governments at all levels will also increase their investment. We will comprehensively implement the plan to increase grain production by 50 billion kilograms nationwide, with the emphasis on major grain-producing regions. Focusing on water conservancy, we will improve agricultural infrastructure, accelerate related upgrades of large and mediumsized irrigated areas, expand the area in which water-conserving irrigation methods are used, create high-grade cropland, and finish reinforcing dilapidated large, medium-sized, and key small reservoirs. With the focus on breeding improved crop varieties, we will accelerate innovation in agricultural technology and the widespread adoption of scientific and technological advances, and carry out a major science and technology project to create new crop varieties using gene transfer technology. We will move forward with the construction of modem agriculture demonstration sites. We will accelerate the development of public services for extending agricultural technology, preventing and controlling animal and plant diseases, and providing quality oversight of agricultural products in townships, towns and regions.


深化农村改革。毫不动摇地坚持农村基本经营制度,加快完善有关法律法规和政策,现有土地承包关系要保持稳定并长久不变。加强土地承包经营权流转的管理和服务,在依法自愿有偿流转基础上发展多种形式规模经营。继续推进农村综合改革。完善集体林权制度改革配套政策。启动国有林场改革。继续推进草原基本经营制度改革。发展农民专业合作社,提高农业组织化程度。加快培育小型农村金融机构,积极推广农村小额信用贷款,切实改善农村金融服务。深入推进乡镇机构改革。


We will deepen rural reform. We will uphold the basic rural operation system; quickly improve relevant laws, regulations and policies; and maintain existing land contract relationships over the long term. We will strengthen supervision of and services for the transfer of contracted land use rights, and develop diverse large-scale farming operations on the basis of legal, voluntary, and compensated transfers of land-use rights. We will continue to carry out comprehensive rural reform, improve supporting policies for the reform of tenure in collective forests, and launch the reform of state tree farms. We will continue to reform the basic system for the use of grasslands, develop specialized farmer cooperatives, improve the organization of agriculture, more quickly develop small rural financial institutions, actively promote micro-credit loans in rural areas, and improve rural financial services. We will also deepen reforms in township and town government departments.


统筹推进城镇化和新农村建设。坚持走中国特色城镇化道路,促进大中小城市和小城镇协调发展,着力提高城镇综合承载能力,发挥城市对农村的辐射带动作用,促进城镇化和新农村建设良性互动。壮大县域经济,大力加强县城和中心镇基础设施和环境建设,引导非农产业和农村人口有序向小城镇集聚,鼓励返乡农民工就地创业。城乡建设都要坚持最严格的耕地保护制度和最严格的节约用地制度,切实保护农民合法权益。推进户籍制度改革,放宽中小城市和小城镇落户条件。有计划有步骤地解决好农民工在城镇的就业和生活问题,逐步实现农民工在劳动报酬、子女就学、公共卫生、住房租购以及社会保障方面与城镇居民享有同等待遇。进一步增加农村生产生活设施建设投入,启动新一轮农村电网改造,扩大农村沼气建设规模,今年再解决6000万农村人口的安全饮水问题,实施农村清洁工程,改善农村生产生活条件。我们要让符合条件的农业转移人口逐步变为城镇居民,也要让农民有一个幸福生活的美好家园。


We will balance promoting urbanization and building a new countryside. We will keep to the path of urbanization with Chinese characteristics. We will promote balanced development between towns and large, small and medium-sized cities; increase the overall carrying capacity of cities and towns; ensure that cities stimulate the development of surrounding rural areas; and promote positive interaction between urbanization and the building of a new countryside. We will strengthen county economies, improve infrastructure and environmental protection in county towns and hub towns, guide an orderly fiow of nonagricultural industries and rural people to small towns, and encourage returned rural migrant workers to start businesses in their hometowns. When developing urban and rural areas, we must adhere to the strictest possible systems for protecting arable land and economizing land use to genuinely safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of farmers. We will carry out reform of the household registration system and relax requirements for household registration in towns and small and medium-sized cities. We will solve employment and living problems rural migrant workers face in cities and towns in a planned and step-by-step manner, and gradually ensure that they receive the same treatment as urban residents in areas such as pay, children's education, healthcare, housing, and social security. We will further increase spending on the development of rural work and living facilities, begin a new round of upgrades of rural power grids, expand the construction of rural methane facilities, provide safe drinking water to another 60 million rural people, carry out the project to build a clean countryside, and improve working and living conditions there. We will allow eligible workers who have left agricultural work to gradually become urban residents, and develop a beautiful rural environment where farmers can live a happy life.


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