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VOA慢速英语:New Plan Aims to End European Debt Crisis

Source: VOA    2011-12-10   English BBS   Favorite  
This is IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.
这里是美国之音慢速英语新闻报道。

Most members of the European Union have agreed to a deal to increase central control over the budgets of individual governments. The plan to increase economic ties was announced Friday at a meeting of European leaders in the Belgian capital, Brussels.
欧盟大多数成员国通过了一项协议,即增加对各国政府财政预算案的集中控制。这一增加经济联系的方案于周五在比利时首都布鲁塞尔举行的一次欧洲领导人峰会上宣布。

European Central Bank chief Mario Draghi praised the agreement.
欧洲央行总裁Mario Draghi称赞该协议。

MARIO DRAGHI: "It's a very good outcome for the euro area, very good. It's quite close to a good fiscal compact, and certainly it's going to be a basis for a much more disciplined economic policy for euro-area members, and certainly it's going to be helpful in the present situation."
MARIO DRAGHI:“这对欧元区来说是一个非常好的结果,这相当接近于良性财政结构紧缩。这也必将成为欧元区国家建立更加规范的经济政策的基础,而这也肯定对目前的情况很有帮助。”

All seventeen countries that share the euro currency agreed to the deal. All together, twenty-three of the twenty-seven European Union nations agreed to it. EU president Herman van Rumpoy said three more members are considering it. That would leave Britain as the only country against the plan.
欧元区全部17个成员国皆通过了这一协议。欧盟27个成员国中,共有23个国家也通过了这一协议。欧盟轮值主席Herman van Rumpoy称,还有3个成员国正在考虑当中,这将让英国成为唯一一个反对该方案的国家。

HERMAN VON RUMPOY: "Our preference went to a full-fledged treaty change with the twenty-seven, changing the treaties of the European Union. We tried it, but because there was not a unanimous decision, we have to take another decision."
HERMAN VON RUMPOY:“我们更倾向于与27个成员国一起,对欧盟条约做出全面修改。我们努力了,但因为无法达成一致,我们不得不采取另一项决定。。”

The plan is an effort to solve the debt problems that have threatened the euro and driven Europe into an economic crisis.
该方案是为了解决已经威胁到欧元并将欧洲推入经济危机的债务问题。

Britain is the strongest of the ten non-euro countries. Prime Minister David Cameron defended his decision to reject the deal.
英国是10个非欧元区国家当中最强大的。卡梅伦首相为自己否决该方案做了辩解。

DAVID CAMERON: " I'm glad we're not in the euro. And so I think the idea of Europe being more of a network – where you choose the organizations you join, you choose those organizations you don't join -- is actually a way that Britain can get what we want and what we need in Europe."
DAVID CAMERON:“我很高兴我们不在欧元区。而且我认为欧盟超出一体化的这样一种理念,也就是你可以选择要加入该组织与否,实际上是英国在欧洲获得自己所想所需的一种方式。”

Stock prices and the value of the euro rose Friday after the agreement. But economists were divided in their opinions about whether the plan would do enough to end the current problems and prevent future ones.
在达成协议后,股市和欧元汇率周五均出现上涨。但经济学家对该方案是否足以解决存在的问题,并防止未来的危机仍存在分歧。

Greece, Portugal and Ireland have received international financial help over their high levels of government debt. Some experts worry that Spain and Italy could have even greater needs. Some economists think the euro area has already entered a recession.
希腊、葡萄牙和爱尔兰已经在他们高额的政府债务上得到了国际金融援助。一些专家担心,西班牙和意大利可能有更大的需求。一些经济学家认为,欧元区已经进入衰退期。

Germany and France are the two strongest economies in the euro area and led the calls for more central budget supervision. German Chancellor Angela Merkel said more unity will make the euro more secure by punishing countries that do not control their budget deficits.
德国和法国是欧元区最强的两个经济体,两国带头呼吁集中财政预算监管。德国总理Angela Merkel称,更团结的欧盟能够通过惩罚不控制其预算赤字的国家,来确保欧元更加安全。

EU members that follow the new treaty must keep their deficits below one-half of one percent of their economic output.
按照新条约,欧盟成员国必须保持其赤字低于其经济产值的0.5%。

European leaders said they expect to sign the treaty by March. But an agreement among politicians is one thing. Passing a new treaty into law is another. Some countries will decide that parliamentary approval is enough. Others, however, may put the treaty to a popular vote.
欧洲各国领导人称,他们预计在明年3月份签署该条约。但是,政治家之间的协议是一回事,使之通过并成为法律是另一回事。一些国家将只需议会通过即可,但是,另一些国家可能会对新条约进行全民公投。

The leaders also agreed on other measures. These include giving the International Monetary Fund more money to try to stop the eurozone crisis from spreading.
领导人们对其它一些措施达成一致。这包括为国际货币基金组织提供更多资金,以试图阻止欧元区危机蔓延。

IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde said the leaders meeting in Brussels took a step in the right direction.
国际货币基金组织总裁Christine Lagarde称,布鲁塞尔领导人峰会向正确的方向迈进了一步。

CHRISTINE LAGARDE: "Number one, they want to really consolidate their fiscal union. Number two, they've decided to accelerate the European stability mechanism. And number three, they've decided to add to the resources of the International Monetary Fund by an amount of two hundred seventy billion dollars, that is to be confirmed within ten days. So, that's, that's a really good step in the right direction."
CHRISTINE LAGARDE:“第一,他们想要真正巩固他们的财政联盟;第二,他们已经决定加快欧洲稳定机制;第三,他们已经决定向国际货币基金组织增资2700亿美元,这将在10天内确认。所以,这是向正确方向迈出了很好的一步。”

But Simon Tilford, chief economist at the Center for European Reform, in London, says the new treaty does nothing to solve Europe's debt crisis.
但是,在伦敦的欧洲改革中心首席经济学家Simon Tilford称,新条约并没有解决欧洲债务危机。

SIMON TILFORD: "The problem is that fiscal austerity will not solve this crisis -- at least not alone. Fiscal austerity has in many ways become part of the crisis. Enforcing unending austerity on countries in the periphery has already made their predicaments much worse and threatens to make a bad situation in Spain and Italy even worse than it currently is."
SIMON TILFORD:“问题是,财政紧缩并不能解决这场危机,至少不能是此单一政策。 财政紧缩在许多方面已经成为危机的一部分。周边国家在执行无休止的紧缩已经使得他们的困境更加严重,并威胁到使西班牙和意大利比现在的情况更为糟糕。”

Mr. Tilford says whether Britain will be weaker for staying out of the deal depends on what happens to the euro area.
Tilford先生说,英国是否会由于置身协议之外而被弱化,取决于欧元区会发生什么。

SIMON TILFORD: "If the eurozone does master this crisis and holds together, and we see increased integration between the participating countries within the eurozone, then Britain will become progressively marginalized within the EU.”
SIMON TILFORD:“如果欧元区确实能控制住危机并抱成团,我们将看到欧元区成员国的整合度提高,而英国将在欧盟内逐步边缘化。”

And if the eurozone breaks apart? Then that, he says, is another story.
而如果欧元区解体了呢?如果那样的话,他说,那则是另一回事了。


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