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CNN News:孟加拉国涌入数万名罗兴亚难民

Source: 恒星英语学习网    2017-09-07   English BBS   Favorite  

Today, that starts in the Southeast Asian country of Myanmar. It's also known as Burma. It shares a border with Bangladesh and that's where tens of thousands of people are trapped as fighting goes on between Myanmar's armed forces and a militant group.
Human rights workers in the area say 100,000 Rohingyas, members of a Muslim group in Myanmar, had been forced out of their homes since August 25th.
The Rohingyas are a minority in Myanmar. The country is mostly Buddhist and it doesn't allow Rohingyas to become citizens. Myanmar considers them to be Bangladeshi and wants them in neighboring Bangladesh. Bangladesh considers the Rohingyas to be Burmese and wants them in Myanmar.
The border between the two countries is closed, but tens of thousands of Rohingyas have still fled across it while others have been trapped, according to activists, without food, water, or medicine. Activists and other critics of Myanmar's government say it's used too much force against the Rohingyas and that it's burned villages and murdered Rohingya civilians. Myanmar says it's done nothing illegal. It blames the recent violence and destruction on Rohingya terrorists, saying the militants killed 12 Burmese security officers in a recent attack.
cnn is not able to verify the claims of either the Rohingyas or the Burmese government. Still, a number of international figures are calling for Myanmar to stop all violence against Rohingyas, and some are hoping a Burmese Nobel Peace Prize winner named Aung San Suu Kyi will take action.

SUBTITLE: Who is Aung San Suu Kyi?
IVAN WATSON, cnn SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Her father was Aung San, a military officer who helped fight for Burma's independence after being a British colony for about a century. He is revered here as the founding father of independent Burma, now officially known as Myanmar. He was gunned down by political rivals in 1947 when Aung San Suu Kyi was only 2 years old.
For much of the first 40 years of her life, Aung San Suu Kyi lived overseas. It wasn't until 1988 that she really moved back to Burma. That opened up the launch of her political career.
In 1990, Aung San Suu Kyi led a newly founded party, the National League for Democracy in elections. And by all accounts, her party won.
But then the military rulers of this country, they annulled the results. They placed Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest for much of the next 20 years. In 2010, Aung San Suu Kyi was released from house arrest. It was part of a transition to a civilian system of government.
Aung San Suu Kyi and her party were allowed to compete in by-elections in 2012, and they won dozens of seats in parliament. Among the electoral victories there was Aung San Suu Kyi herself.
Myanmar's most popular politician is constitutionally barred from running for the post of president. In 2008, the same military regime that's held Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest for years drafted a constitution that included a clause that blocks any citizen who has a spouse or children holding foreign passports from running for the country's top post. That effectively means Aung San Suu Kyi cannot run for the post of president.


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