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BBC news 2011-03-16 加文本

Source: BBC  snow  2011-03-16   English BBS   Favorite  
1.essential

形容词 a.

1.必要的,不可缺的[(+to/for)]
Hard work is essential to success.
成功必须努力工作。

2.本质的,实质的;基本的[B]
There is no essential difference between the two drafts.
两份草稿没有本质上的不同。

3.提炼的,精华的

名词 n. [P]

1.要素,要点;必需品
Our course deals with the essentials of management.
我们的课程讲述管理的基本要点。

2.本质,实质

2.critical

形容词 a.

1.紧要的,关键性的,危急的
That was a critical time in the nation's history.
那是涉及国家命运的一个关键时刻。

2.批评的,批判的,评论性的
Your critical analysis helped me a great deal.
你的评论分析对我帮助很大。

3.吹毛求疵的,爱挑剔的;对...表示不满的[(+of)]
She is so critical that nobody can get along with her.
她很爱挑剔,没有人能和她相处得来。

4.必不可少的;紧缺而必须的

3.hamper

及物动词 vt.

1.妨碍,阻碍
The snow hampered my movements.
雪妨碍了我的行动。
 
2.牵制;束缚

名词 n.

1.障碍物;束缚
2.【海】障碍船具

名词 n. [C]

1.有盖(柳条)大篮;带盖食品篮
a picnic hamper
有盖野餐食品篮

2.【美】洗衣篮

a laundry hamper for dirty clothes
盛放脏衣服的洗衣篮

4.aftermath

名词 n.

1.后果,余波;事件结束后的一段时期[S1][(+of)]
Many people were homeless in the aftermath of the earthquake.
地震之后,许多人无家可归。

2.再生草[C]

5.debris

名词 n. [U]

1.残骸;破瓦残砾
After the bombing there was a lot of debris everywhere.
轰炸之后,到处都是破瓦残砾。

2.垃圾,碎片
3.【地】岩层

6.refinery

名词 n.

精炼厂

7.imposition

名词 n. [(+on/upon)]

1.(税的)征收;施加(惩罚等)[U]
Everyone grumbled at the imposition of new taxes.
对征收新加的赋税人人都抱怨。
 
2.征收的税;惩罚,负担[C]
an imposition of 200 dollars on a coat
对上衣收的二百元税

3.不公平的负担;不合理的要求[C]
severe impositions on one's children
对孩子太过严厉的要求

4.强加[U]
The film star became wild with anger over the imposition on her privacy.
那位电影明星因私生活受到干预心头直冒怒火。

5.利用;欺诈;哄骗[C]
Would it be an imposition to ask you to mail this parcel?
请你邮寄这个小包裹算是利用你吗?

8.siege

名词 n.

1.围攻;包围;围城[C][U]
The insurrectionary army laid siege to the capital.
起义军围攻京城。
 
2.【美】(疾病等的)长期折磨;(灾祸等的)不断袭击[C]
a siege of illness
疾病的长期折磨

3.劫持[C]
After an 18-hour siege, the police stormed the house and captured the gunman.
武装劫持十八小时之后,警方袭击了那所房子并抓获了持枪罪犯。

及物动词 vt.

1.围攻;围困

9.woefully

副词 ad.

1.悲哀地
2.令人遗憾地

10.commit

及物动词 vt.

1.犯(罪),做(错事等)
I committed an error in handling the business.
我在处理这一业务时犯了一个错误。

2.使承担义务;使作出保证;使表态[(+to)]
He didn't commit himself to anything.
他没有作任何承诺。

3.把...交托给;把...提交给;把...付诸[(+to)]
The child was committed to the nurse's care.
孩子被交给护士照顾。

4.把...押交;把...判处[(+to)]
The judge committed him to ten years' imprisonment.
法官判处他十年徒刑。

5.拨出,指定...用于[(+to)]
The company committed most of its profits to building new factories.
公司拨出大部分利润建造新工厂。

6.使投入战斗,指派...作战


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